Special tour to Nakhchivan
This is a typical itinerary for this product
Pass By: The Khan's Palace, Naxchivan, Nakhchivan
Nakhchivan is one of the world's ancient cultural centres. As a result of studies in 2006, 1162 monuments were registered in the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. About 600 of them are world-wide and country-specific. One of the important historical places in Nakhchivan is Khan Palace, that is a witness of past events.
After the fall of Nadir Shah (one of the most powerful Iranian rulers in the history) in 1747, twenty khanates ( a political entity ruled by a Khan or Khagan) occurred in Azerbaijan. Each of them has its place and role in the history of Azerbaijan. One of them was the Nakhchivan Khanate. The first khan of the khanate was Heydar-Kuli Khan of the Kengerly tribe, who lived in this territory from about the 9th century. Nakhchivan Khan Palace was built in 1760 by the father of Ehsan Khan -Kalbali Khan Kangarli. The monument is built in the style of eastern architecture. It has been the residence of the Nakhchivan khans from the mid-18th century till the early 20th century. Khan Palace attracted the attention of travellers and diplomats who have been to this city. He is mentioned in the books, diaries and memoirs of orientalists, diplomats and military people, who visited Nakhchivan in the 19th century.
Pass By: Shahbuz National Reserve
Batabat is a mountain lake in the mountains of the Shahbuz region in Nakhchivan. This picturesque reservoir is surrounded by alpine meadows near the source of the Nakhchivan River at an altitude of 2,500 m above sea level. This lake is most famous for its floating peat island and crystal-clear fresh water. This area is incredibly scenic.
Pass By: Duzdagh
DUZDAG Physiotherapy Center operates in the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic at an altitude of 1173 meters above sea level. Our physiotherapy center is 2 km away from our hotel. There is a Treatment Center in Nakhchivan Autonomous Health Ministry and Physiotherapy Center of "Duzdag" Hotel, consisting of 2 separate sections.
During a year from all over the world thousands of tourists visit Duzdag
Pass By: Ashab-i Kehf
The place of pilgrimage is in the natural cave, between the Ilandagh and Nahajirmountain at about 12 km distance from Nakhchivan. It has the meaning “the cave possessers” in Arabic. The 9th-27th sentences of the chapter “al-kahf” of the “Gurani-Karim” deal with the adventure of seven young people, who ran away from those, who trusted not in God but another thing (Tamlikha, Barnush, Sarnush, Maksilma, Maslina, Sazanush, Kaftantush (Shepherd) and their devoted dog by name Gitmir who awoke after sleeping over 300 years. The event existed in “Gurani-Karim” found its relation with the stories of some changes about the “Ashabi-Kahf” situated in Nakhchivan. For long years, according to the wrong thought existing in some literatures, the event was related with the Christianity and even the cave place named in “Gurani-Karim” was expected to be either in the Lesser Asia or in the territory of Palestine and even in other countries of the world. Unfortunately, in those literatures were not spoken (written) about the Ashabi-Kahf situated in Nakhchivan and the stories about the event. But later years investigations prove that the very Ashabi-Kahf cave named in “Gurani-Karim” is situated in the territory of Nakhchivan and it does not have any relation with the Christianity. There is an inscription in the alter of the mosque at the far end of the cave. In the central part of the inscription on the big sized marble (145x35 cm) the sentences 9-12, 17-18 of the “al-Kahf” chapter in the frames dealt with the Ashabi-Kahf event of “Gurani-Karim”. The context of the inscription written in a ribbon like starting from top to left on the right side around the plate is: “Since the weathering the handwritings written here were obliterated. In connection with this Shukrulla Khan Kangarli, the ruler of the Nakhchivan land, the follower of Heydargulu Khan, the founder of blested deeds and the former ruler of the country gave a decision stating that to copy the very plate of the inscription in another stone plate and arrange in the place of the former as a present”.
According to this order, Mahammad Khatib Nakhchivani, the son of Molla Mustafa, a devout person, began working and completed the plate in Safar al-Muzaffar, 1190 (22.03-20.04.1176). As you see, before in the place of this inscription there was another inscription in which the sentences of Gurani-Karim were engraved but from time to time it was aired and then by the order of Shukrulla Khan Kangarli, the ruler of Nakhchivan land, the text was written in another marble plate and arranged in the place of the former.
Pass By: Əlincə Qalası
Alinjagala –The fortress is in Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. It is on the right side of the Alinjachay, on the top of the mountain of the same name of Julfa region. It was noted as “Erinjag”, “Erinjik”, “Alanjik”, “Alinja”, “Alanjug” and so on in the ancient sources. The investigators relate the name of Alinjagala with the old Turkish word “alan” having the meaning of “plain land”. It is because of the place, the fortress is situated, namely, it looks like a little playground.
Rui Qonsales Klavikho, ambassador, the Spanish diplomat of Enrikon III, king of Castille to the state of the Teymurilar in 1403-06 depicted the Alinjagala as: “The Alinjagala was situated on the precipitous mountain and was surrounded by walls and towers. There are vineyards, gardens, corn fields, pastures, springs and pools inside the walls at the down parts of the mountain slopes. The castle or fortress is situated at the top of the mountain”. But, according to the folk etymology, the name of the fortress is guessed as “Alinjak”, that’s “take off your hand”. This is connected with the inaccessibility, invincibility of the fortress. Various versions exist about the construction of the Alinjagala. Some investigators grounding on the historical sources refer the fortress to 2 thousand years ago. The Alinjagala is depicted as a very strong fortification in the epos of the “Kitabi-Dada Gorgud”. The name of Alinja was regarded as tower, mountain and river.
The historians Nasavi (XIII cc.), Sharafaddin Ali Yazdi (XV cc.), OvliyaChalabi (XVII cc.), the Turkish traveller and others gave much more information about the Alinjagala. The Alinjagala is the symbol of loftiness, warlikeness characteristic to the nature of this land. The fortress surprises a man for its strange appearance above all. The walls of the Alinjagala go higher in the form of stairs, beginning from the slopes of the Alinjamountain and completely covers its top. The old dyke of the fortress was built of the stones brought from the villages around and baked bricks. The ruins of the eight walls in the western slope and three walls having half-round towers in the northern slope remained. The Alinjagala mainly consists of three vast areas (north, north-west and south-west); the stone stairs were arranged in the north-west and south-west areas from the north area to climbing up.
The fortress possessing strong walls and the rock being precipitous turned it a steadfast fortification. On the upper part of the fortress remembering a small town, the ruins and foundation stones of the dwelling houses and public buildings built of baked bricks draw attention. This area, in which the fortress chiefs and big feudal lived is called “the Shah throne”. The remainders of the beautiful palaces and buildings belonging to the feudal in the Alinjagala were depicted in the literature of XX century. It was possible to keep a herd of horses and cattle before and other military ammunition in the fortress. The very qualified celadon pottery found around the fortress draws attention. According to the investigators the celadon potteries were brought to Azerbaijan through the Great Silk Road from China. In the reign of the Azerbaijan Atabaylar –the Eldanizlar power, the importance of the Alinjagala rose and became the place of shelter, for the security of the rulers’ families, which was considered the most strategic military fortification. That time the residence of Zahida Khatun, the ruler of Nakhchivan and the treasure of the Eldanizlar were situated in the Alinjagala. During the attack of JalaladdinMagburni, the son of Kharazm Shah Mahammad, in 1125 to Azerbaijan, Ozbak (1210-25), the ruler of the Eldaniz sheltered in the Alinjagala and in one of the battles was killed here. The Alinjagala was under the power of the Hulakular in XIII-XIV centuries, in the 2nd half under the power of the Jalairilar. The names of the rulers Sultan Tahir, the fortress chiefs Uztamur (1343), KhajaJovhar (1390), emir Altun (1390), Seyid Ali, Haji Saleh and Ahmad Oghulshay (1401) are known. In the 80-90 years of XIV century the Alinjagala was the main foothold of the Azerbaijani people in the struggle against Timur and was bravely defended for 14 years. Timur marched 4 times to Alinjagala in 1386-1401 years. In 1387-92 the defenders of Alinjagala profited by the chance of Timur’s absence, attacked Tabriz four times (in 1388, 1390, 1391) they were able to capture the city. About 40000 troops of Timur attacked the Alinjagala in 1393. That time some parts of the fortress defenders had left the fortress secretly under the commandership of Altun. When returned back they found the fortress doors captured by the troops of Timurr and attacked them. Altun and his fighters who occupied a very correct strategic position, defeated the troop of Timurr and two of the 4 tuman (of ten thousand) emirs were killed and the defenders could enter the fortress. In 1397 the joined Shaki and Georgian troops attacked the Alinjagala and freed Sultan Tahir from the encirclement after defeating Sultan Sanjar, the leader of Timur, and sent to Baghdad. For a while Seyd Ali, Haji Saleh and 3 Georgian aznaurs (leaders) headed the defence of the fortress.
The Alinjagala worried Temer very much. In 1399 on the way to Samargand from India he asked the situation in Azerbaijan, especially in the Alinjagala from the messenger who was coming from Tabriz and only 4 months later after reaching Samargand he urgently returned to Nakhchivan. Under the leadership of 5-6 emirs he sent his troops to the Alinjagala. The fortress surrendered being uncontrolled because of the conflict occurred inside. The kutval of the fortress Ahmad Oghulshayi was arrested and taken to Timur and was killed.
Timur wonders the mightiness of the fortress after watching it. After the death of Timur (1405) the Alinjagala again was under the power of the Jalairlar and later the Garagoyunlular. Isgandar, the ruler of the Garagoyunlular, who fought against his brother Jahanshah for the power sheltered in the Alijagala. After being killed by his son GubadMirza, Jahanshah occupied the Alinjagala. The Alinjagala being under the power of the Aghgoyunlular and then under the power of the Safavilar was destroyed as a result of feudal intrigues and wars.
We will pick all the travellers from the place that they will inform us (Any location in Baku,Azerbaijan) , 2 hours before of flight.
- Dinner - 3 times food included
- Air-conditioned vehicle
- All Fees and Taxes
- Confirmation will be received at time of booking
- A current valid passport is required on the day of travel
- Not wheelchair accessible
- Near public transportation
- Infants must sit on laps
- Infant seats available
- Not recommended for pregnant travelers
- No heart problems or other serious medical conditions
- Travelers should have a moderate physical fitness level
- This tour/activity will have a maximum of 8 travelers